Certainly, God is undeniably a person. However, when we assert that God is a “person,” it’s crucial to clarify that we don’t imply a human being. Instead, we affirm that God possesses “personality” — a rational Being with self-awareness. Theologically, a person is often defined as “an individual being with a mind, emotions, and a will.” God unmistakably exhibits intellect (Psalm 139:17), emotions (Psalm 78:41), and volition (1 Corinthians 1:1). Thus, we affirm with confidence: yes, God is a person.
The undeniable personhood of humanity aligns with the fact that humans are made in the image of God (Genesis 1:26–27). Throughout the Bible, the personal pronouns He, Him, and His are consistently used to refer to God.
The Bible further imparts the profound truth that God exists in three Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. While the concept of the tri-unity of God may be challenging to grasp, the evidence is resoundingly presented in the Bible. In passages such as Isaiah 48:16 and 61:1, the Son speaks while referencing the Father and the Holy Spirit (compare with Luke 4:14–19). The baptism of Jesus, as described in Matthew 3:16–17, depicts God the Holy Spirit descending on God the Son, accompanied by the Father expressing His pleasure in the Son. Additionally, both Matthew 28:19 and 2 Corinthians 13:14 underscore the presence of three distinct Persons in the Trinity.
Each Person of the Trinity — God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit — is distinctly characterized as a Person with a mind, emotions, and a will. The Father possesses a mind (Isaiah 55:8–9), emotions (Psalm 78:40), and a will (1 Peter 2:15). The Son exhibits a mind (Luke 2:52), emotions (John 11:35), and a will (Luke 22:15). Likewise, the Holy Spirit demonstrates a mind (Romans 8:27), emotions (Ephesians 4:30), and a will (Galatians 5:17). Importantly, all three Persons of the Trinity share and encompass all the divine attributes (John 6:37-40; 8:17-25; Colossians 1:13-20; Psalm 90:2; 139:7–10; Job 42:2; 26:13; 1 Corinthians 2:9–11; Hebrews 9:14).
God’s personal nature is vividly evident in various expressions: He shows anger (Psalm 7:11), laughter (Psalm 2:4), compassion (Psalm 135:14), love (1 John 4:8), hatred (Psalm 11:5), imparts teachings (John 14:25), reproves (John 16:8), and leads (Romans 8:14). Each of these actions resonates with the profound truth that God is, indeed, a person.